Real life anticoagulation treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation in Germany: extent and causes of anticoagulant under-use

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Real life anticoagulation treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation in Germany: extent and causes of anticoagulant under-use
Autor Thomas Wilke, Groth A, Pfannkuche M, Harks O, Fuchs A, Maywald U, Krabbe B.
In: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Ausgabe
ISBN/ISSN: 10.1007/s11239-014-1136-8
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Jahrgang 40(1)
Seitenzahl 97-107
Hyperlink https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25218507
Review

Oral anticoagulation (OAC) with either new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) or Vitamin-K antagonists (VKAs) is recommended by guidelines for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a moderate to high risk of stroke. Based on a claims-based data set the aim of this study was to quantify the stroke-risk dependent OAC utilization profile of German AF patients and possible causes of OAC under-use. Our claims-based data set was derived from two German statutory health insurance funds for the years 2007-2010. All prevalent AF-patients in the period 2007-2009 were included. The OAC-need in 2010 was assumed whenever a CHADS2- or CHA2DS2-VASC-score was [gt]1 and no factor that disfavored OAC use existed. Causes of OAC under-use were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. 108,632 AF-prevalent patients met the inclusion criteria. Average age was 75.43 years, average CHA2DS2-VASc-score was 4.38. OAC should have been recommended for 56.1/62.9 % of the patients (regarding factors disfavouring VKA/NOAC use). For 38.88/39.20 % of the patient-days in 2010 we could not observe any coverage by anticoagulants. Dementia of patients (OR 2.656) and general prescription patterns of the treating physician (OR 1.633) were the most important factors increasing the risk of OAC under-use. Patients who had consulted a cardiologist had a lower risk of being under-treated with OAC (OR 0.459). OAC under-use still seems to be one of the major challenges in the real-life treatment of AF patients. Our study confirms that both patient/disease characteristics and treatment environment/general prescribing behaviour of physicians may explain the OAC under-use in AF patients.